I. Work and historic changes in the past five years
The ecological civilization has achieved remarkable results. With great efforts to promote the construction of ecological civilization, the whole party's awareness of and initiative in implementing the concept of green development have been significantly enhanced, and the status of ecological environmental protection has been significantly changed. The institutional system of ecological civilization was accelerated, the system of main functional areas gradually improved, and the pilot of the national park system was actively promoted. Comprehensive conservation of resources effectively promoted, and the intensity of energy resources consumption has dropped significantly.
We must clearly see that there are still many deficiencies in our work and we are also facing many difficulties and challenges. The main problems are: outstanding problems with unbalanced development have not yet been solved, development quality and benefits are still not high, innovation capacity is not strong enough, the real economy needs to be improved, and ecological environmental protection is a long way to go.
III. The Socialist Thought and Basic Strategy of Chinese Characteristics in a New Era
(9) Adhere to the harmonious symbiosis between man and nature. The construction of ecological civilization is a millennium plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. It is necessary to establish and practice the idea of green mountains and green mountains that are Jinshan Yinshan, adhere to the basic national policy of resource conservation and environmental protection, treat the ecological environment as the same as life, co-ordinate the governance of lakes and grassland systems in forests, and implement the strictest system of ecological environment protection. Form a green development approach and way of life, firmly take the path of civilized development with a prosperous production, a prosperous life, and a good ecology, build a beautiful China, create a good production and living environment for the people, and make contributions to global ecological security.
IV. Winning the battle to build a well-to-do society in an all-round way and opening up a new journey for the building of a modern socialist country
In the first stage, from 2001 to 2003, on the basis of building a well-to-do society in an all-round way, it will continue to struggle for fifteen years to basically realize socialist modernization. The ecological environment has fundamentally improved, and the beautiful Chinese goal has been basically achieved.
In the second phase, from 235 to the middle of this century, on the basis of basically realizing modernization, we will strive for fifteen years to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modernized country. At that time, China’s material civilization, political civilization, spiritual civilization, social civilization, and ecological civilization will be comprehensively promoted, modernization of the country's governance system and governance capacity will be achieved, and it will become a country with comprehensive national strength and international influence, and the common prosperity of all people will be basically realized. The people of our country will enjoy a more happy and peaceful life. The Chinese nation will stand taller in the world's national forest.
V. Implementing the New Development Concept and Building a Modern Economic System
(a) Deepen structural reforms on the supply side. Accelerate the construction of a manufacturing power, speed up the development of advanced manufacturing, and promote the deep integration of the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and the real economy, nurturing in areas such as mid-to-high-end consumption, innovation and leadership, green and low-carbon, shared economy, modern supply chain, and human capital services. New growth points and new momentum. Promote the development of China's industries into the mid-to-high end of the global value chain and nurture several world-class advanced manufacturing clusters. We will strengthen the construction of infrastructure networks such as water conservancy, railways, highways, water transport, aviation, pipelines, power grids, information, and logistics.
(e) Accelerate the improvement of the socialist market economic system. The reform of the economic system must focus on improving the property rights system and the market-oriented allocation of factors, and realize effective incentives for property rights, free flow of factors, flexible price response, fair and orderly competition, and survival of the fittest. We will deepen the reform of the commercial system, break administrative monopolies, prevent market monopolies, accelerate the market-oriented reform of factor prices, ease the access restrictions for service industries, and improve the market supervision system.
IX. Accelerating the Reform of Ecological Civilization System and Building Beautiful China
Man and nature are the community of life. Mankind must respect nature, conform to nature, and protect nature. Only by following the laws of nature can humans effectively prevent detours in the development and use of nature, and human harm to nature will eventually injure humans themselves. This is an irresistible law.
(I) Promote green development. Accelerate the establishment of a legal system and policy orientation for green production and consumption, and establish and improve an economic system with green and low carbon recycling. Build a market-oriented green technology innovation system, develop green finance, and expand energy-saving and environmental protection industries, clean production industries, and clean energy industries. We will promote the revolution in energy production and consumption and build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system. Promote comprehensive conservation and recycling of resources, implement national water-saving actions, reduce energy consumption and material consumption, and realize circular links between production systems and living systems. Promote simple, moderate, green and low-carbon lifestyles, oppose extravagance and irrational consumption, and create actions such as creating energy-saving institutions, green families, green schools, green communities, and green travel.
(b) focus on solving outstanding environmental problems. Adhere to the people's communal governance and source control, continue to implement air pollution prevention and control operations, and win the battle to defend the blue sky. Accelerate the prevention and control of water pollution and implement integrated management of the basin's environment and coastal waters. Strengthen the control and restoration of soil pollution, strengthen the prevention and control of agricultural non-point source pollution, and carry out the rural human environment improvement actions. Strengthen solid waste and waste disposal. Improve pollution discharge standards, strengthen the responsibility of polluters, and improve the system of environmental protection credit evaluation, information disclosure mandatory, and severe punishment of heavy penalties. Build an environmental governance system that is government-led, enterprise-based, social organization, and public participation. Actively participate in global environmental governance and implement emission reduction commitments.
(D) reform the ecological environment supervision system. Strengthen the overall design and organization and leadership of ecological civilization construction, establish state-owned natural resource asset management and natural ecology regulatory agencies, improve the ecological environment management system, and uniformly exercise the duties of owners of all natural resources assets, and uniformly exercise all land use control and ecology. Protection and restoration responsibilities, unified exercise of supervision and control of various urban and rural pollution emissions and administrative law enforcement duties. We will establish a national space development protection system, improve supporting policies for the main function areas, and establish a natural protection system centered on national parks. Resolutely stop and punish the destruction of the ecological environment.